Dungeon path, El Morro, Old San Juan.
Hand-painted photo: Deborah DuPont.
The Puerto Rican characterColonial architecture
The history of Puerto Rico began with the settlement of the archipelago by the Ortoiroid culture, sometime between 3000–2000 BC. The Igneris and Arawaks populated the island between 120 and 1000 AD. When Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World, the dominant indigenous culture was Taino.
Columbus discovered the largest island, which the Tainos called Boriken (The Lands of the Valiant Lord), in 1493 and claimed it for Spain. He named the island San Juan Bautista (St. John the Baptist), but did not settle it at that time. In 1508, Juan Ponce de Leon was sent from the Dominican Republic and founded the first settlement. In 1521, he moved it to a small peninsula along a beautiful bay, and called the new settlement Puerto Rico (Rich Port). The whole island eventually became known as Puerto Rico and the settlement as San Juan.
Puerto Rico was a Spanish colony from 1493 until 1898, when it became a territory of the United States as a result of the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Spanish-American War. During their 400-year tenure, the Spaniards laid the bedrock of the island’s culture: the Spanish language, the Roman Catholic religion, architecture and art. The slaves they brought from Africa to work in the fields enriched the language, music and cuisine. The confluence of these three cultures — Indian, Spanish and African — formed the Puerto Rican character.
Source (paragraph 1): Wikipedia. Source (paragraphs 2 and 3): Adapted from the Puerto Rico Tourism Company. For a contemporary description of Puerto Rico in colonial times, see Memory and description of the island of San Juan, Puerto Rico, compiled by the order of His Majesty, King Philip the Second in the year 1582.
Come to El Yunque Hotels, PR Treehouses, PR Eco Resorts & PR Eco Lodges.
© 2016 Yuquiyú, El Yunque Rainforest, Puerto Rico. All rights reserved.